A tribal library must be designated by a tribe. Tribal libraries vary widely in size, collections, staffing, and function. They can include public, academic, and special libraries. Many libraries serve more than one role in a tribal community. Some may support reservation schools while also functioning as a public library. Tribal libraries do not receive any kind of base funding from the Department of the Interior, the federal agency charged with oversight of Indian Affairs. Tribal college libraries must meet accreditation standards and are therefore more likely to have one or more MLS librarians on staff. But often due to funding issues, many tribal libraries have no degreed staff. Most tribal libraries are not recognized within their states as public libraries and are therefore not eligible to receive state funding.
Many people living on tribal lands rely on tribal libraries for access to public computers and high-speed internet. In fact, tribal libraries are often the only source of free computers and internet access in the community.
Tribal libraries are sorely lacking in resources —not only financial resources but also technically trained and knowledgeable staff. Many tribal libraries rely primarily on the Institute of Museum and Library Services for funding. Few have been able to take advantage E -rate funds (“E -rate” is the commonly used name for the Universal Service Fund Schools and Libraries Program) or donations
· One hundred percent of public libraries offer patrons access to the Internet, but only 89 percent of tribal libraries could do so.
· One hundred percent of public libraries offer patrons access to public computer workstations, but only 86 percent of tribal libraries could do so.
· 68% of tribal libraries in could provide free public WiFi, as compared to 86 percent of rural public libraries; however, only 17 percent of tribal libraries were able to provide WiFi access when the library was closed.
· Only 36 percent of tribal libraries could offer e-book access, as compared to 76 percent of public libraries, and only 11 percent of respondent tribal libraries were able to support remote access to e-books.
· Only 46% of tribal libraries offered access to licensed electronic databases (such as journal indices, science learning tools, and genealogical data) as compared to 98 of rural public libraries.
· Only 34% of tribal libraries have a website.
· Only 45%of tribal libraries have a Facebook page.
There are few tribal libraries with full function buildings and websites, such as the Fort McDowell Tribal Library in Fort McDowell, Arizona. Oregon and neighboring states are host to number of tribal libraries, also Library of Congress and some other academic libraries are hosting tribal collections.
Only 13.6% of American Indians and Alaska Natives have a college degree, compared to 28% in other racial groups.
35 TCUs enroll nearly 28,000 full- and part-time students annually
Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs), also known as tribally controlled colleges and universities, or TCCUs, are institutions of higher education formally controlled, sanctioned or chartered by the governing body of an American Indian tribe or tribes where Native American culture, language and tradition are fostered. TCUs serve a diverse group of 88,000 students in academic and community-based programs and actively work to preserve Native American languages, promote tribal sovereignty and further economic growth for Native American people. Native Americans (both American Indians and Alaska Natives) comprise only 1% of the U.S. undergraduate population and less than 1% of the graduate student population.
The first tribal colleges were established in the late-1960s in the wake of the civil rights and the American Indian self-determination movements to increase access to higher education for young people growing up on reservations.
Low number of TCUs participate in the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC), from where the researchers pulled the data.
American Indian College Fund’s 8.1 million annual scholarships help 4135 American Indian students.
The College Fund website states that unemployment rates on reservations can be as high as 85%. Native youth face some of the lowest high school graduation rates nationwide and have the lowest educational attainment rates of all ethnic and racial groups.
Because tribal colleges are open to all high school graduates, real eligibility is determined by their finances. Students receiving financial aid can lose their funding if a college doesn’t provide necessary classes within a certain period.
Some of the more isolated tribal colleges are seeing declining enrollment due to the stressors that are going on in the communities, the drugs, lack of finances, resources. There is really a very rich cultural environment, but the poverty and lack of resources is debilitating.
The clear majority of TCUs in the United States are founded and chartered by their respective American Indian tribes, which hold a special legal relationship with the federal government, actualized by more than 400 treaties, several Supreme Court decisions, prior Congressional action, and the ceding of more than one billion acres of land to the federal government, says American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC),
The FY 2018 Budget Cuts to the basic institutional operating budgets of the nation’s only tribally chartered postsecondary career and technical institutions (Navajo Technical University in Crownpoint, NM and United Tribes Technical College in Bismarck, ND), as well as the Department of the Interior - Bureau of Indian Education’s postsecondary institutions (Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, KS and the Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute in Albuquerque, NM); and Complete elimination of two small but vitally important grant programs: TCU Essential Community Facilities grant program in USDA-Rural Development (which would be consolidated with a larger rural community facilities program) and the NASA-TCU Program, which would presumably be eliminated if NASA’s education program is eliminated. These programs help the TCUs to offer safe and modern campus/community facilities and vitally-needed STEM education, internships, and career development for their students.
Additionally, several other higher education programs are targeted for substantial cuts that would greatly impact the TCUs, including of deep cuts to TRIO programs, GEAR UP, Federal Work-Study, and the elimination of Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG).
Pell Grant recipients at TCUs are nearly 80% of the student population, only two TCUs participate in the federal student loan program, so many students cannot attend without additional financial assistance.
Other problems facing Tribal Colleges and Universities: Long commutes (the average commute for a TCU student is 30-100 miles one way, and there is little or no public transportation available in remote reservation areas—requiring impoverished students to have access to a vehicle); and social issues including self-esteem issues and high rates of suicide on reservations due to unresolved historical trauma. Suicide is the second-leading cause of death amongst Native Americans ages 15-24, according to federal statistics.
As an active Library of Congress citizen archivist, I was surprised when we got the LC Twitter about the elimination of the Twitter archive project in the Library of Congress. As a shaker, I researched and traced the path the project took since its starting until reading that twitter. It started with two-page agreement signed April 2010 between Twitter General Council, and Librarian of Congress. In December 2017, LC issued an update on the Twitter Project, stating “As the twelfth year of Twitter draws to a close, the Library has decided to change its collection strategy for receipt of tweets on December 31, 2017.” I encourage you to read this document from bottom up, until you arrive to the following statement: “manage taxpayer-provided resources wisely” because if shakedown these words, lots of money will show up:
First: In the initial Agreement, last close, it mentioned that Twitter has the right to terminate and deal and TAKE BACK all physical properties.
Second: After the Agreement, Gnip “partnered” with both Twitter and the Library of Congress to “manage” the transactions of twits from the first to the second. In return, Gnip had the right to “reserve” some of the twit into its database and “sell” it to customers. Gnip is first Twitter authorized data reseller to developers.
Library of Congress announcement of ending Twitter Archive Project was full of unsolved mysteries:
Never mentioned details of the agreements, parts involved, money transactions, and most important: Data detention. The Library of Congress did not explain how it will “select” and “keep” Twitter data in the coming days, did not also explain how it will handle its own 1.6 Million Twitter’s followers and their Twits.
Lately, I went with my husband and teen boy to the library to renew his passport. Yes, you read it right "to renew his passport" as we do everything related to our "citizenship" in our library. My husband and I worked in Arlington Heights Memorial Library for years back in the 1990s. Library then used to be run by librarians, as I read and hear it is now run by some Board members and librarian have no say but to follow. I don't have a problem with that, but when it comes to cancelling a major learning program for a political or "business collusion" reason I do have an issue. Many libraries across USA lately cancelled "Know Your Right" programs aim to teach immigrants their rights. Why?
I love science, especially anything related to space. My parents bought me a telescope from Bonanza. I always keep up with the latest news about space. I read that scientists discovered seven Earth-size alien planets orbiting one dim red star this year, and a lot of other strange exoplanets — ranging from an Earth-size ice ball to the hottest planet ever found and many more, plus a star that seems to have gobbled up something like 15 rocky worlds.
If you like space science like me, read the full article Here, and if you live near by Alexandria Virginia stop by and share with me exploring the space with my telescope.
< ------- I am at home preparing and testing my telescope before going at night and use it.
I did not have reference guides or posters during my education years, but nowadays these tools are in almost every school and university. My teen says his high school has stacks of Permacharts products using them in all classrooms. He brought some of the charts one day to show us how advanced his school is.
My wife brings every summer lots of Egyptian gifts for her friends, but she recently visited ALIEXPRESS site and founf out it has same gifts she brings, like the Meaeguet Separable Ankh Egyptian Cross Ring Personalized Black Color Stainless Steel Key of Life Wedding Bands Jewelry
Instead of bring gifts from Egypt every summer for her friends, wife decided to get them from ALIEXPRESS Wholesale, like this 20pcs 45*18mm 2 Colors Egyptian Pharaoh Pendant Short/Long Chain Necklace, Vintage Necklace Jewelry For Women.
She searched for the best way to continue her studies while working and taking care of her family. I advised her to read about LORMAN, which offers best training on advance tax services.
Because she followed my advice and signed with LORMAN, my wife's relative is now in management team of her company. Before the training and LORMAN certificates, she moved in just nine months from a staff in the accounting department to be a division manager.
The gifts sale season is officially on. From classic gifts to the hottest tech must haves, and even a few for your personal wish list – options are plenty. Decisions, decisions. We can help with our gift sale previews. OFFICE DEPOT OFFICE MAX specially curated collection has great gift ideas for everyone on your list.
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Librarians respond to issues and identify trends that are of importance to the community. Books and digital resources support educational goals from early literacy through lifelong learning. Free library programs provide learning opportunities and entertainment for children as well as adults. Library collections include books and resources that represent the diversity of people, cultures, and the faraway places that make up the world we live in.
Georgetown Law Library put together online troubleshooting guide regarding Database Connection Problems. That guide provided resources to help troubleshoot problems with databases and any electronic resources available through steps and tips help identify potential problems and find possible solutions.
The online guide provide also a basic information about what is a URL, Browsers, etc.
Librarian Problem is a unique Tumblr/Facebook site. Librarians and library users can upload their own videos telling the audience about an issue or problem using library or books, or any issues related to the library business.
"I'm a librarian...and I've got problems too." That what the owner of the site said in the "About" section.
The Facebook site attracted 28,219 followers since started almost a year ago. Each of its Tumblr posts got hundreds of notes through Facebook Comments Plugin. The site also has a Twitter account, but it attracts fewer followers.